DIWALI (Deepavali) (दीपावली पर्व) 2015
All the Jains celebrate the festival of Diwali with joy. Diwali is celebrated on the new-moon day of Kartik. This
year Diwali being celebrated on November 11, 2015. On the night of that day, Bhagwan Mahavira attained Nirvan or deliverance and a state of absolute
bliss. The Lord discarded the body and the bondage of all Karmas on that night, at Pawapuri
In Uttara-puraana written by Acharya GunBhadra (7th or 8th century) it
is mentioned that in the month of Kartika, krashna paksha, svati nakshatra and on the night of the 14th (dawn of the amavasya), lord Mahavira became a Siddha (attained nirvana). Bhagwan
Mahavira, the 24th Jain Tirthankaras, attained Nirvana on this day at Pavapuri on October 15, 527 BCE, on Chaturdashi of Kartika:
कत्तिय-किण्हे चौदसिपच्चुसे सादिणामनक्खत्ते|
पवाए णयरिये एक्को विरेसरो सिद्धो ||
Diwali festival was first time mentioned in Harivamsha Purana written by Acharya Jinasena, and composed in the Shaka Samvat era in the year 705.
Acharya Jinasena mentions that Bhagavan Mahavira, attained nirvana at Pavapuri in the month of Kartika, Krashna paksh, during swati
nakshatra, at the time of dawn. In Harivamsha-Purana sloka 19 and in sloka 20 he writes that the gods illuminated Pavanagari by lamps to mark the occasion. Since
that time the people of Bharat celebrate the famous festival of "Dipalika" to worship the Jinendra on the occasion of his nirvana.
ततस्तु लोकः प्रतिवर्षमादरात्,
समुधतः पूजयितुं जिनेश्वरम्,
जिनेन्द्र निर्वाण विभूतिभक्तिभाक् ||(हरिवशं पुराण)
tatastuh lokah prativarsham-aadarat
samudyatah poojayitum jineshvaram
It means, the gods illuminated Pavanagari by lamps to mark the occasion. Since that time, the people of Bharat celebrate the famous festival of
"Dipalika" to worship the Lord Mahavira on the occasion of his nirvana.