PARVA is the function of forgiveness. Forgiveness is supposed to be the first and
foremost virtue of ascetics and scholars. Forgiveness helps not only in pacifying anger and making us religious minded by
removing all sins, but is also capable in keeping us hale and hearty. Forgiveness
is a virtue of humility and an ornament of social courtesy.
On this auspicious day of KSHAMAVANI PARVA every
member of Jain community approaches his relatives, friends, colleague and begs pardon of them for all faults or mistakes
committed knowingly or unknowingly. He or she confesses his/her wrongs and apologizes for these to every follower of his own
religion or other religions. Thus he/she feels relieved of the heavy burden hanging on his/her head of the sins of previous years. By
this act the person starts social life afresh living together in love and peace with all, following the noble principle of peaceful
co-existence. On this auspicious day, every Jains dedicate themselves heart and soul to submit to their popular slogan 'Live
and Let Live', for peace and happiness.
Baghwan Mahavira said we should forgive
our own soul first. To forgive others is a practical application of this supreme forgiveness. It is the path of spiritual purification.
Mahavira said: "The one whom you hurt or kill is you. All souls are equal and similar and have the same nature and qualities".
Ahimsa Paramo Dharma. Anger begets more anger and forgiveness and love beget more forgiveness and love. Forgiveness benefits both the forgiver and the forgiven.
Mahatma Gandhi forgave his assassin even as he was dying. Jesus Christ, when being
crucified prayed to God to forgive his tormentors as they "know not what they do".
In Buddhism, forgiveness is seen as a practice to prevent harmful emotions from causing havoc on one's mental well-being.
In Islam, Allah is described as "the most forgiving". In Hindu religion forgiveness is described as supreme vertue.
Jains classify forgiveness as: gifted by the one who forgives, earned by the one seeking it, and natural as a part of our divine nature. Forgiveness can be earned by request or prayer,
pratikramana or confession and penitence, and prayas-citta or willingness to suffer
consequences. Forgiveness is part of ahimsa; it helps us overcome anger and hatred and makes us more happier and healthier.