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Home>  Jain Mantra>> The Five Vows from Sarvarthasiddhi
                              by Shri Pujyapada
     
 

 हिंसाऽनृतस्तेयाब्रह्मपरिग्रहेभ्यो विरतिव्रतम् |1|
1. Desisting from injury, falsehood, stealing, unchastely and attachment is the (fivefold) vow.
देशसर्वतोऽणुमहती |2| 
2. (The  vow  is  of  two kinds), small and great from its being partial and complete.
तत्स्थैर्यार्थ भावनाः पञ्चपञ्च |3|
3. For the sake of strengthening the  vows,  there  are  five  observances for each of these.
वागंनोगुप्तीर्यादाननिक्षेपणसमित्यालोकितपानभोजनानि पञ्च |4|
4. Control of speech, control of thought, regulation  of  movement,  care in taking and placing things or  objects, and examining  food  and  drink, are five.
क्रोधलोभभीरुत्वहास्यप्रत्याख्यानान्यनुवीचि भाषणं च पञ्च |5|
5. Giving  up   anger,   greed,   cowardice  or  fearfulness   and   jest,  and 
speaking harmless words are five.
शून्यागारविमोचितावासपरोपरोधाकरणभैक्षशुद्धि 
सधर्माविसंवादाः पञ्च |6|
6. Residence  in  a solitary  place,  residence   in   a   deserted  habitation, 
causing  no   hindrance  to  others,  acceptance  of  clean  food  and  not
quarrelling with brother monks, are five.
स्त्रीरागकथाश्रवणतन्मनोहरागंनिरीक्षणपूर्वरतानुस्मरणवृष्ये- 
ष्टरसस्वशरीरसंस्कारत्यागाः पञ्च |7|
7. Giving  up  listening   to   stories  that  excite   attachment   for  women, 
looking  at  the   beautiful   bodies   of   women,   recalling  former   sexual 
pleasure,  delicacies  stimulating  amorous  desire  and  adornment  of the 
body, constitutes five.
मनोज्ञामनोज्ञेन्द्रियविषयरागद्वेषवर्जनानि पञ्च |8|
8. Giving   up  attachment  and  aversion  for  agreeable and Disagreeable 
objects of the five senses constitutes five.
हिंसादिष्विहामुत्नापायावद्यदर्शनं |9|
9. The consequences or violence etc.  are calamity  and reproach  in  this 
world and in the next.
दुःखमेव वा |10|
10. Or sufferings only (result from injury etc.).
मैत्रीप्रमोदकारुण्यमाध्यस्थानि च सत्त्वगुणाधिकक्लिश्यमा-
नाविनेयेषु |11|
11. Benevolence   towards   all   living   beings,   joy   at  the sight of the 
virtuous, compassion and sympathy   for   the   afflicted,  and  tolerance 
towards the insolent and ill-behaved.
जगत्कायस्वभावौ वा संवेगवैराग्यार्थम् |12|
12. Or  the  nature of  mundane existence (the universe)  and  the  body 
(may also be contemplated)  in  order to cultivate awe at the  misery  of 
worldly existence and detachment to worldly things.
प्रमत्तयोगात्प्राणव्यपरोपणं हिंसा |13|
13. The severance of vitalities out of passion is injury.
असदभिधानमनृतम् |14|
14. Speaking what is not commendable is falsehood. 
अदत्तादानं स्तेयम् |15|
15. Taking anything that is not given is stealing.
मैथुनमब्रह्म |16|
16. Copulation is unchastity.
मूर्च्छा परिग्रहः |17|
17. Infatuation is attachment to possessions.
निश्शल्यो व्रती |18|
18. The votary is free from stings.
अगार्यनगाश्च |19|
19. The householder  and  the homeless ascetic  are  the  two  kinds  of 
votaries. 
अणुव्रतोऽगारी |20|
20. One who observes the small vows is a householder.
दिग्देशानर्थदण्डविरतिसामायिकप्रोषधोपवासोपभोगपरिभोग- 
परिमाणातिथिसंविभागव्रतसंपन्नश्च |21| 
21. Abstaining  from  activity   with   regard  to  direction,  country  and 
purposeless sin, periodical concentration,  fasting  at  regular  intervals, 
limiting  consumable  and   non-consumable  things,  and  partaking  of 
one's food after  feeding an  ascetic,  are  the  minor  or  supplementary 
vows.
मारणान्तिकीं सल्लेखनां जोषिता |22|
22. The householder courts voluntary death at the end of his life.
शगांकागंविचिकित्साऽन्यदृष्टिप्रशंसासंस्तवाः सम्यग्दृष्टेरतीचाराः |23|
23. Doubt in the teachings of  the  Jina,  desire  for  worldly  enjoyment, 
repugnance or disgust at  the  affected,  admiration  for  the  knowledge
and conduct of the  wrong believer and praise of  wrong  believers,  are 
the five transgressions of the right believer.
व्रतशीलेषु पञ्च पञ्च यथाक्रमम् |24|
24. There  are  five,  transgressions  respectively for the vows  and  the
supplementary vows.
बन्धवधच्छेदातिभारारोपणान्नपाननिरोधाः |25|
25. Binding,  beating,  mutilating  limbs,  overloading  and  withholding 
food and drink.
मिथ्योपदेशरहोभ्याख्यानकूटलेखक्रियान्यासापहारसाकार-
मन्त्रभेदाः |26|
26. Perverted   teaching,   divulging   what  is  done  in  secret  forgery, 
misappropriation, and proclaiming others' thoughts.
स्तेनप्रयोगतदाह्रतादानविरुद्धराज्यातिक्रमहीनाधिकमानोन्मान-
प्रतिरुपकव्यवहाराः |27|
27. Prompting  another to steal, receiving stolen goods, under buying 
in   a   disordered   state,   using   false   weights   and   measures, and 
deceiving others with artificial or imitation goods.
परविवाहकरणेत्वरिकापरिगृहीताऽपरिगृहीतागमनानगंक्रीडाकाम-
तीव्राभिनिवेशाः |28|
28. Bringing  about  marriage,  intercourse  with  an  unchaste  married
women, cohabitation with  a  harlot,  perverted  sexual  practices,  and
excessive sexual passion.
क्षेत्रवास्तुहिरण्यसुवर्णधनधान्यदासीदासकुप्यप्रमाणातिक्रमाः |29|
29. Exceeding the limits set by oneself with regard to cultivable  lands 
and houses, riches such as gold and silver, cattle and  corn, men  and 
women servants and clothes.
ऊर्ध्वाधस्तिर्यग्व्यतिक्रमक्षेत्रवृद्धिस्मृत्यन्तराधानानि |30|
30. Exceeding   the  limits   set   in   the   directions,  namely  upwards, 
downwards   and   horizontally,   enlarging   the   boundaries   in   the 
accepted directions, and forgetting the  boundaries set,  are  the  five 
transgressions of the minor vow of direction.
आनयनप्रेष्यप्रयोगशब्दरुपानुपातपुद्नलक्षेपाः |31|
31. Sending  for  something  outside  the   country  of  one's  resolve, 
commanding someone there to do thus,  indicating  one's  intentions 
by sounds, by showing oneself, and by throwing cold etc.
कन्दर्पकौत्कुच्यमौखर्यासमीक्ष्याधिकरणोपभोगपरिभोगानर्थ-
क्यानि  |32|
32. Vulgar   jokes,   vulgar    jokes   accompanied   by    gesticulation, 
garrulity,  unthinkingly  indulging  in  too  much  action,  keeping  to                                           
many   consumable   and    non-consumable    objects,    are  the five 
transgression of the vow of desisting from unnecessary sin. 
योगदुष्प्रणिधानानादरस्मृत्यनुपस्थानानि |33|        
33. Misdirected    threefold    activity,   lack    of    earnestness    and
fluctuation of thought are the five transgressions of concentration.
अप्रत्यवेक्षिताप्रमार्जितोत्सर्गादानसंस्तरोपक्रमणानादरस्मृत्यनु-
पस्थानानि |34|
34.Excreting,    handling   sandal-wood    paste,    flowers,  etc.,  and 
spreading mats and garments without  inspecting  and cleaning the
place   and    the   materials,   lack   of   earnestness   and    lack    of 
concentration.
सचित्तसम्बन्धसम्मिश्राभिषवदुःपक्काहाराः |35|
35.Victuals    containing    (one-sensed)    organisms,  placed   near 
organisms and mixed with  organisms,   stimulants  and   ill-cooked 
food.
सचित्तनिक्षेपापिधानपरव्यपदेशमात्सर्यकालातिक्रमाः |36|
36. Placing  the  food  on  things  with   organisms  such  as  green 
leaves, covering it with such things, food  of  another  host,  envy, 
and untimely food.
जीवितमरणाशंसामित्रानुरागसुखानुबन्धनिदानानि |37|
37. Desire  for  life,  desire  for death,   recollection  of affection for
friends,   recollection   of   pleasures   and   constant   longing   for 
enjoyment.
अनुग्रहार्थं स्वस्यातिसर्गो दानम् |38|
38. Charity  is  the  giving  of one's wealth  to  another  for  mutual 
benefit.
विधिद्रव्यदातृपात्रविशेषात्तद्विशेषः |39|
39. The distinction with regard to the effect of a gift consists in the 
manner,  the  thing given, the nature of the giver and the nature of 
the recipient. 

                                                                                             

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