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Badami Jain caves

  

Location

  Badami caves is located In the south Indian state of Karnataka. It is a famous jain pilgrimage Site famous for its  6th and  7th century rock cut caves houses sculptures of several Hindu deities and Jain cave. Badami was once a capital of the Chalukyas  is renown throughout  for its exquisite rock cut cave temples. The cave temples of badami are an excellent example  of ancient Indian architecture.  Badami was founded by Pulakeshi I (535 - 566 AD).  Previously it was known as Vatapi.

      Badami Caves

      Badami Caves IV

  In Badami  group of four cave temples have been scooped out of the hill just opposite Badami fort. It is said that  these cave temple was constructed with the help of Chalukyan king, Mangalesa (598-610 AD). Out of the four caves, three are dedicated to the Hindu deities, while the fourth is associated with Jainism. To reach the caves one has to climb nearly 2000 steps. 

  Badami is known for its cave structures, beautiful sculptural panels and picturesque setting. These caves are carved out of sandstone rocks and dedicated to Shiva, Vishnu and the Jain Thirthankaras.  They date back to the sixth century A.D and are some of the best examples of the early cave temples in South India. The coexistence of Jain caves along with other religious structures indicates their religious tolerance. Apart from the caves there are also structural temples like the Upper Shivalya Temple, Lower Shivalya temple Malegetti Shivalya, Jambulingeswara and Bhuthanatha temples. The temples in Badami combine both the north and south Indian features. Among the temples, Bhuthanatha group of temples have a grand setting and command a good view of the lake in front. These were built during the beginning of the eighth century.

 Cave I  The cave number one is dedicated to Shiva. The many-armed dancing Shiva panel is popular     amongst the visitors and is located near this Cave.

 Cave II - This cave is dedicated to Lord  Vishnu.

  Cave III  is the largest and  the best of the lot. This cave has carvings depicting to both Shaivite and Vaishnavite themes. 

 Cave IV  The fourth cave has relief sculptures of Tirthankaras like Gomateshvara and Parshvanath. The fish and lotus motifs in the ceiling, the yalis as brackets and ornate columns found in the caves are examples of great craftsmanship. is dedicated to Jain Tirthankaras. There is an image of Mahavira adorning the sanctum. Other carvings here are of Padmavathi and other Tirthankaras. 

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