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Home>  Pilgrimage>> Chittorgarh Jain Temples 

Location: Chittourgarh is located in district Udaipur, Rajasthan (India). It is at a distance of 121 kms from Udaipur; 55 kms from Bhilwada & 106 kms from Rajasmand. It is linked with Udaipur, Jaipur, Ajmer and other important cities by rail & road.  The fort of Cittour has very eminent place in Indian history. The fort is on a 280-hectare site on the top of a 180-metre-high hill, which rises abruptly from the surrounding plain. This fort was built by Mourya King Chitrangada and hence is also famous as Chitrakoot. Guhil Vanshi King Bapa Rawal conquered Mourya King and took possession of this fort in 8th century of VS. It belonged to Siddharaj Jaisingh in 12th century and remained in the possession of his heirs till the period of king Kumarpal,  King Kumarpal has accepted Jainism in Samvat 1216. In later days Guhilvanshi king Samantsingh has conquered the fort by defeating Ajaypal, the cousin of King Kumarpal in VS 1231. This remains in possession of Guhilvanshi Sisodiya's in the Muslim era also.

  There are many palaces within the fort like Rana Kumbha Palace, Fateh Prakash Palace, Tower of Victory (Vijay Stambha), Kirtistambha , Padmini's Palace, Mirabai temple and many jain temples. The Bavan Jinalay of Bhagwan Rishabhdev, temples of Shri Parshwanath Bhagwan, Shri Shantinath Bhagwan and Shri Mahaveer Bhagwan is famous but the Jain Kirtistambh, 22 meter in height, is much popular among all. The Kirti Stambh is a seven-storied structure with a cramped stairway of 54 steps. It is 30 feet at the base and narrows down to 15 feet at the top and is adorned with Jain sculptures on the outside. It is dated approximately around the 12th century AD. It is dedicated to the first Jain tirthankara or spiritual teacher, Adinath, and has an impressive five-feet-high statue of the saint.  
 Acharya Siddhsen Diwakar stayed here for his Sadhana in first century of Vikram Samvat. .Acharya Siddhsen Diwakar stayed here for his Sadhana in first century of Vikram Samvat. Shri Siddhasen Diwakar, one of the honored member (Ratna) in the King Court of Samrat Vikramaditya, has come here for his studies. Acharya Shri Haribhadra Surishwarji (8th-9th century of VS) was born here.
Sushri Jaytalladevi, the wife of Maharan Tejsingh and mother of Shri Samar Singh have constructed a temple of Shri Parshwanath Bhagwan here in VS 1322. Prince Amarsingh has hoast the flag on the temple of Shri Adinath Bhagwan on Falgun shukla 5 of VS 1335. During this period king Samar Singh, the ruler of this estate has established Jin idols in 11 Jin temples. In VS1505, Shri Vela, the treasurer of Shri Kumbha Rana has renovated old temple and Shri Jinsen surishwarji has established the idol of Shri Shantinath Bhagwan in the temple. It was named as Shri Shanti Jin Chaitya in Ashtapadavtar, which nowadays known as Shringar Chouri. As per the description in 'Somsaubhagya Kavya' (written in VS 1524), Shri Veesal, the resident of Devkulpatak and  also honoured by Shri Lakha Rana, has built temple of Shri Shreyanshnath Bhagwan in 15th century. During same century Shri Bal, son of Shreshthi Gunraj built huge Jin temple all around the Kirtistambh and three Jin idols were established in the temple by Acharya Shri Somsundar Surishwarji. Descriptions of building temples by Shri Saranpalji, the Chief Minister of Maharana Maukal and Shri Pethad Shah, the Mahamantri of Mandavgarh are also available. Both the books viz. 'Teerthmala' written by Jayhem in VS 1566 & 'Teerthmala' written by Gayandi, the Shishya (follower) of Shri harsh Pramod describes 32 Jin temples’ belonging to various Gatchha’s to be built here. 
The seven-storied Kirtistambh is one among those temples, which is probably built in 14th century in commemoration of Shri Adinath Bhagwan. Many Jin idols are carved on this stambh. 6 temples are present in present time. The biggest temple consists Shri Rishabhdev Bhagwan as the Moolnayak of the temple. Distinguished as 'Sattaees Devari", this temple is surrounded by 52 Devkulika's. Two temples of Shri Parshwanath Bhagwan are present in the same campus. Temples of Shri Mahaveer Swami and Shri Shantinath Bhagwan are present in Rampol, which is situated, in the inner portion of the fort. Being small in size, the temple of Shri Shantinath Bhagwan better famous as 'Shringar Chouri' is distinguished for high quality of artistic designs. Choumukhji temple (Moolnayak - Shri Parshwanath Bhagwan) is present near Gaumukhi Kund.
  The place of Bhamashah, the great donor and Maharana Pratap’s treasure is also belong to this place. There are five other temples in the fort. The temple of Bhagawan Shantinath is small but rich with artistic skill of a high quality. It is called Shrungal Choki. Near the Gaumukhi Kund, there is a temple of Bhagawan Parshvanath with four mouths

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