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Home>  Tirthankaras >> Bhagavan Parshvanath (श्रीपार्श्वनाथ)

 

  Bhagavan Parshvanath
  (श्रीपार्श्वनाथ)

          Bhagavan Parshvanath

          Sign of Bhagavan Parshvanath

       Cintamani Parshvanath
Cintamani Parshvanath
 Nearly 1200 years old.


 

                          (23rd Tirthankara)

Name                 ..................................Parshva Nathji
Father's Name .................................Asvasena 
Mother's Name .............................. .Vama 
Birth Place         .............................. .Varanasi (Kasi)
Birth Thithi        .............................. ..Paush ku. 10 
Diksha Thithi   .............................. ..Chaitra ku.4 
Kevalgyan Thithi ......................... ..Chaitra ku.4 
Naksharta        .............................. ...Trivisakha 
Diksha Sathi   ............................... . 300 
Shadhak Jeevan ..........................  70 years 
Age Lived         ............................. . .100 years 
Lakshan Sign ...............................   Nag  
Neervan Place ............................ .. Sameed Shikar 
Neervan Sathi .............................    33 
Neervan Thithi .............................   Shravan su.8 
Colour               .............................    Blue
Thirthankara  Parshvanath or Lord Parsva or Parasvanatha  was the son of King Asvasena and Queen Vama of Varanasi. At the age of thirty he renounced the world and became an ascetic. He practiced austerities for eighty three days. on the eighty fourth day he obtained omniscience. Lord Parshvanath preached his doctrines for seventy years. At the age of one hundred he attained liberation on the summit of Mount Sammeta (Parsnath Hills). 
  Lord Parshvanath is always represented with the hood of a snake shading his head. The Yaksha Dharanendra and the Yakshi Padmavati are often shown flanking him. Once prince  Parshvanath was walking into a forest. He saw an  an false ascetic Mahipala surrounded by five fires for his practice of austeroty. With a special type of knowledge called Avdhignan Parsva could tell that a pair of snakes was in one of the logs in the fire. He quickly warned the Mahipala  that he was burning the snakes, but instead of acting rapidly to save them, the man became angry at Parshvanath and denied the presence of the snakes. Parshavanath pulled out the right log and put it out, then gently split it, revealing two badly burned snakes. He recited the Navkar Mantra, a prayer, for them before they died. It was said that the snakes were reincarnated into the two previously mentioned Yakshas, Dharanendra and Padmavati. Mahipala after death born a Deva by name Sanbra.
  Once Lord Parsa was engaged in yogic contemplation. While he was absorbed in yogic contemplation, Sambaradeva was passing along that place in his aerial vehicle. When the vehicle was just passing over the yogi, it did not move. He looked down and saw Parsva engaged in yogic contemplation. He became angry and wanted to destroy the yogi. He hurled at him various weapons. He cast thunder and rain over him. He hurled rocks over him. Thus he continued the attack for nearly a week. Learning the awful situation Dharmendra appeared there and protected the body of the Lord Parsva by spreading his thousands hoods over him. The weapons aimed at by Sambra all fell as flowers at the feet of the Lord.
  The four vows preached by Lord Parshvanath are: not to kill, not to lie, not to steal, and not to own property. The vow of chastity was without a doubt, implicitly included in the last vow, but in the two hundred and fifty years that elapsed between the Nirvän of Parshvanath and the preaching of Lord Mahavira, considering the situation of that time, included the fifth vow of chastity explicitly to the existing four vows.  
  Thus, the number of vows preached by Lord Mahavir was five instead of four. There were followers of Lord Parshvanath headed by Keshi Kumar at the time Lord Mahavir. It is a historical fact that Kesi Kumar and Gandhar Gautam, chief disciple of Lord Mahavir met and discussed  the differences. After satisfactory explanation by Gandhar Gautam, Keshi Kumar and monks and nuns of Lord Parshvanath tradition accepted the leadership of Lord Mahavira  and they were reinitiated.  
   After realizing Arhanta sage, Lord Parswa spent 69 years 9 months in preaching the Dharma to all people and in all places, Finally, he spent one month in he summit of Sammedagiri engaged in yogic contemplation his remains four Akhati Karmas were destroyed. Thus he attained Nirvana, the state of infinite immortal bliss of spiritual sovereignty over the three worlds in the year 939 B.C.

   
 
 
                                                            

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